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In recent decades, high-performance and medium voltage energy management for academia and industry have been attracted by multi-level converter topologies. In addition, the multi-level principle is used without decreasing the inverter power output to synthesise the harmonic distortion on the output waveform. For the reduction of harmonic distortion in the output waveform, the multi-level principle is used. The following topologies are presented: diode clamped inverters (neutral point clamped), condenser clamped (flying condenser), multi-level cascading (dc source, etc.) and the most effective modulation methods built for this converter category: multi-level, selective harmonic removal and space m vectors. A series of different topologies are given in this paper. Multi-level inverters have been gaining popularity in research teams and in the production of industrial applications for high and medium voltage applications for 20 years. Moreover, compared to a conventional converter, multi-level inverters can generate switched waveforms with reduced harmonic slopes. Recently, multi-level inverters have increased interest in their ability to generate high-quality wave forms at lower frequencies; the multi-level topology used in dynamic restaurant voltages reduces the harmonic distortion of the inverter output waveform without inverter output losses. By integrating control techniques for multi-level inverters, this paper discusses the most common topologies, making their implementations flexible in some power applications in many industrial areas.
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