An Experiment Approach to Transmission Loss Optimization Using Power

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Shivani Sharma, Mr. Harkamal

Abstract

The distribution systems must be able to provide energy/electricity to each consumer at an appropriate form of voltage rating. The modern forms of power are complex in nature with multiple load centres and generating stations interconnected through the transmission and distribution networks. The main objective of the energy based power system is energy generation and to deliver the energy/power at to its customers at its rated voltage-based value with minimum losses. In case of heavy loading condition, the reactive form of power flow is the major cause of losses, thus reducing the levels of voltage simultaneously. So, there is occurs a big need to minimize real losses of power and to improve the level of voltage in distribution systems. In such cases, a variation occurs in the network configuration usually varying by the operation based on switching meant for transferring the load among the feeders. Basically there are two switches used in distribution systems; one is normally closed switch that usually connects two line-based sections and the other is the normally open switch placed on tie lines connecting two of the primary feeders in the section.The optimized form of network configuration represents a topological feeder structure by changing the open/closed sectionalizing status and tie-line switches with minimized losses, saving the distribution system radial structure.

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